eJournal Woodring College of Education Western Washington University eJournal

Western Washington University


ISSN 1935-7699
Journal of Educational Controversy
VOLUME 2, NUMBER 1, WINTER 2007

Jonathan Kozol's Nation of Shame Forty Years Later


EDITORIAL

Jonathan Kozol’s Nation of Shame Forty Years Later
Lorraine Kasprisin, editor


PROLOGUE
Editor: On September 29, 2005, Jonathan Kozol spoke at Western Washington University on his latest book, The Shame of the Nation, the Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America. We have used the occasion of his talk as the impetus for this issue. For those interested in viewing Mr. Kozol’s lecture, we have provided a link to the video of his presentation.  We are dedicating this issue to Jonathan Kozol. Mr. Kozol has written a special prologue to this issue for our readers.

Turning Our Ideals to Concrete Deeds
Jonathan Kozol
Byfield, Massachusetts
© Jonathan Kozol 2006


INTRODUCTORY ESSAY
Excerpts from the 2006 Report: Racial Transformation and the Changing Nature of Segregation.

Gary Orfield,  Distinguished Professor of Education at UCLA and co-director of the Civil Rights Project/El Proyecto de CRP.


Controversy Addressed in this Issue:
Jonathan Kozol reminds us that this country’s schools are more segregated now than at any time since 1968. The moral imperative driving the public schools is found in the language of the nation’s ideals as well as in the rhetoric of its political slogans, but that imperative has not been able to be realized. What is the nature of the gap between the present realities of American schooling and a fulfilled vision of equal educational opportunities for all? In this issue we invite authors to examine various forces that impede or distract from the realization of this vision, whether structural, moral, political, or pragmatic.


ARTICLES IN RESPONSE TO THE CONTROVERSY

The Myths that Blind: the Role of Beliefs in School Change
Kerri Ullucci
University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Return of the Deficit
Curt Dudley-Marling
Lynch School of Education, Boston College

Living Savage Inequalities: Room 405’s Fight for Equity in Schooling
Brian Schultz
Northeastern Illinois University

School Desegregation, Linguistic Segregation and Access to English for Latino Students
Beatriz Arias
Arizona State University

A Simple and Prudent Proposal for Ending The Black Student Achievement Gap in Public Schools
Judith Owens
University of Houston


SPECIAL SECTION ON WASHINGTON STATE POLITICS AND THE U.S. SUPREME COURT DECISION

In the prologue to this issue of the journal, Jonathan Kozol tells the reader that the U.S. Supreme Court decision this term in PICS v Seattle School District may decide with finality the prospects for integrated education in this nation. This special section on Washington State Politics will provide the reader with a context for understanding the issues that the court is weighing in the Seattle case against a background of Washington state history and politics.

Douglas Judge first gives us an understanding of Seattle's past struggle for desegregation within the history of segregated housing patterns and restricted covenants along with a timeline of events. An understanding of that struggle gives the reader an historical context for examining today’s opposing legal arguments before the court that are supplied by authors representing the Pacific Legal Foundation and the American Civil Liberties Union. The PLF article questions the use of social science research in arguing constitutional issues while the ACLU article questions the use of  race-neutral remedies as an effective means in achieving racial desegregation as a goal in public education. Two school administrators also provide the reader with a personal look from the inside of the schools that are at the heart of the decision. And finally, the journal provides unique perspectives from the views of various community groups in Washington state whose children are at the center of the controversy and whose lives will be impacted by the Court’s decision.


INTRODUCTION

Housing, Race and Schooling in Seattle: Context for the Supreme Court Decision
Douglas Judge
Western Washington University


OPPOSING LEGAL ARTICLES

Discrimination Veiled As Diversity:
The Use Of Social Science To Undermine The Law

Sonya D. Jones and Erin N. Ramsey
Pacific Legal Foundation

Can Race-Neutral Remedies Achieve Racial Desegregation?
An Introduction to the ACLU Amicus Brief to the U.S. Supreme Court

Roberto Sánchez
American Civil Liberties Union – Washington

BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL
LIBERTIES UNION, THE ACLU OF KENTUCKY, AND
THE ACLU OF WASHINGTON IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS


OPPOSING PERSONAL VIEWS FROM SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS

As Our Students Watched
David Engle
Principal, Squalicum High School, Bellingham, Washington
(former principal of Ballard High in Seattle)

Our Communities are in Crisis
Bruce Bivins
Assistant Principal, Franklin High School, Seattle, Washington


VIEWS FROM THE COMMUNITY

Educational Malpractice in Our Schools: Shortchanging African American and Other Disenfranchised Students
Thelma Jackson
African American Think Tank
President of Foresight Consultants, Olympia, Washington

The Community Outreach Demonstration Project
“It Takes a Village to Raise a Child”

Andrew Griffin
Assistant Superintendent
Washington State Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction

 

Multiethnic Think Tank Position Papers


FROM A STUDENT’S PERSPECTIVE

Keeping the Passion Alive: The Realities of Social Justice
Lynette Vogeley
Students and Teachers for Social Justice
Western Washington University


To read the decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Docket No. 01-35450, go to: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data2/circs/9th/0135450op.pdf


U.S. Supreme Court Decision


Encyclopćdia Britannica Content


ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 

See the Rejoinders Section to read reactions to the articles in this issue.

See the “Talking With the Authors” video series for videotaped interviews with some of the authors.